Augmented Reality in Education

ThinkMobiles Team 26/04/2017

Augmented reality in education will soon revolt learning as we know it. AR will fully change location and timing of study process and open additional ways and methods. Finally, AR capabilities may make classes more transformational and engaging.   

Educators know for sure that learning can’t include just learning and reading parts. It should have creative and interactive elements as well. Meanwhile there is for no need pedagogues  to become students’ best friend to get them involved into science. Everything pedagogues need is to get students interested in subject and AR helps it a lot.

Augmented Reality in education

Nowadays 71% of people from 16 to 24 years in the U.S. have smartphones. Most of them are active smartphone users that use these gadgets to enter social platforms, play games and to be in connection with friends and relatives. But meantime less part of them use their smartphones in the learning process to find some help for homework, receive extra info about subject, etc…

Perspective of engaging smartphones and usage of augmented reality for education process is amazing, but meantime only few educators really move this way. AR may help in various ways to give students and pupils extra digital information about any subject, while making complex information is easier to understand.

Nowadays we may find some excellent examples of augmented reality in education usage worldwide. Ability to connect reality and digital content has slowly become true and opens more options for pedagogues and students.

Augmented Reality Classroom

Pedagogues are trying to start using augmented reality in classroom lessons, commonly, to support their classes material with AR features.

It may entrap attention of students as well as motivate them to study.  Adding extra information like short biography of a person, some facts about various stuffs, geolocation of historical eventі or visual modelі of math concept would give studentі wider understanding about the topic.

Oleksy and Wnuk by using AR tech were able to recreate historical places of Warsaw, Poland. Students saw via their mobile devices streets of Poland and might go for a walk there.

By doing homework, receiving deeper understanding of hometask, students may scan pages of homework to receive text, audio or video tips from their teachers that may assist them in solving problems.

By scanning photos of teachers and students on board students may get extra information related to them. It may help make tighter connections in the group.

Using AR to scan cover of book students may get short overview of a book and decide would they need it or not.

Layar and Wikitude AR Browsers enable to provide short reviews of books and magazines when their covers are scanned by applications.

Explain abstract and difficult concepts

AR technology has an ability to render in 3D model anything that may be hardly visualized in a classroom, at a computer, in minds of students. Inverse abstract and difficult content in visual models help students get deeper understanding about lesson topic.

That works especially good with visual learners and also helps others get alternative ways of integration theoretical material into real concept.

Polytechnic Institute of Leiria integrates AR technology into education process to support oral and text explainings of math to students. Those who worked with AR applications found that process as easy, intuitive and interesting.

Involving and interacting

Including AR into lessons may help educators directly involve students into the studying process by interacting 3D model. Taking part in such kind of things helps motivate students, capture their attention for the whole augmented reality classes and helps them understand subject deeper.

Interaction with AR may be part of lesson like a teaser, support of main topic providing extra info to students or be the main content of a lesson.

Canadian tech company CASE transformed a wall of school gym into huge skee-ball game by adding augmented reality layer to it. Therefore, children should launch rubber balls onto wall to destroy model of floating shapes visualized on it by the projector.

Discover and Learn

Visitors of museums by using their mobiles may access AR and discover historical events by exploring various additional content in connection to objects. AR provides visitors with extra information about what they see, or even allows to virtually equip some stuff to themselves or take tour to the past.

On the other side museums mostly can not show whole collection to visitors due to space limitation, lack of resources or just high value of objects. Using AR capabilities provides great opportunities for museums to present more than it is possible in normal conditions.

Augmented reality give visitors ability to use their mobile devices as pocket-tool through which area around them receive endless additional layers of information.

Objects modeling

Manual elements in education, such as the usage of their hands in practice or solving some quiz, may help learners better understand a lesson. By using apps medical students may easily learn human anatomy. Usage augmented reality in education enable them exploring different parts of body individually and discover its unique features.   

AR allows students to interact with 3D model. Whatever, rotating, customizing it by setting transparency, changing colours, styles and even parts.

Finally, by using special gadgets, for example hololens instead of smart phones, students may explore the same AR model.

Interactive books

AR books provide deeper understanding of complex content. It also help make process of learning brighter and engaging.

Sadly but, reading common books didn’t motivate children to study science. If so, using books that includes digital AR content can make a deal. For example, revising pages through devices that support AR features may give access to additional content. As a result, springing to life 3D models with animations, sound and interaction actions attracts children attention.

Skills training

In many cases theoretical knowledge is hardly enough to become a good specialist in the wide range of professions.

In measure to give students skills they need in practice education system should change. So, today concepts of teaching should move to way more active position. Finally, as more practical learning method would be included in learning process as less students would stay as passive observers.

Technical students need practice and hand-on experience to get skills of maintenance and assembly suitable for their profession. Sadly, but often skills can’t be practiced in a classroom.

In addition, using AR features may help them by virtual study and practice with fully digital content, or additional 3D models linked to real parts. AR tutorial animations and graphic content also may give extra knowledge about new methods and innovation concepts.

Meantime, AR technology could create different situations and simulations suitable for practical process where students may acquire some experience.

Summary

It is not a secret to any pedagogue that more motivated and engaged learners always understand subject better and learn faster. Their attention and energy concentrates on studying process as educator keeps them engaged and interested. So augmented reality in education process provide huge benefits to all learners.

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Augmented Reality Education Apps

In wide number of causes by augmented reality in education are presented 3 main categories of apps:

  • First, the most serious, heavy and specialized, best suitable for students’ needs.
  • Second, easy and colorful, created for kids and children to engage them into learning.
  • The last one, the best for everyone in polishing some knowledge and skills.

Example of AR student app

Elements 4D

Elements 4D are developed by DAQRI studio. Application supports students in exploring fields of chemistry subjects by allowing to combine different elements to see how they react in reality. To start it, the teacher and students should have special triggers on printed cards.

Moreover, DAQRI’s website has lessons plans with the usage application which is suitable not just for high school, but also for secondary and elementary.

Elements 4D available for Android and iOS.

Anatomy 4D

Best suitable for medical students’ needs. By scanning printed targets application shows 3D model of human body and allows to interact with it. Users may customize any part of human body, look how parts fits, how different are joint moves and how function human organs.  

Anatomy 4D on iOS and Android.

Corinth Micro Anatomy

This is another human body anatomy application that may be interesting for medical learners. Application creates interactive models of human body while aiming at special triggers on paper. Organs may be shown one by one or in connection with other systems for better explaining how it works in general.

Available for Windows Mobile.

Human Heart 3D

Another AR anatomy application with much shorter content base, but much deeper. Students may explore human heart in details. 3D model of heart completed with animation to view how it works, using support of text tips with explanations about heart’s functionality and anatomy.

Available on Android.

AugThat

Designed by a former teacher, that application allows using augmented reality in the classroom lessons boost education process. AugThat mainly targets students that shows the lowest motivation. Application helps teachers involve them in fields of augmented reality science education. AugThat obtained different lessons in various formats that include 360° virtual photos and 3D experience.

AugThat on Android and iOS.

CARE

It includes a wide range of lectures, tutorials and lessons completed with AR features to use all materials in education purpose. It’s mainly composed of Science, Technology, Engineering and Math parts. Students may learn from various animated material and use 4D modelling options to visualize some parts of text.

CARE on Android and iOS.

Experience Chemistry

Chemical puzzle quest is suitable for students. To progress through levels users should make certain reactions with various ingredients and elements.

The main features of that application allow to use for reaction any chemical elements users want to interact with. But meantime they should choose the right one to complete tasks. So, Experience Chemistry helps promote memory of chemical elements and teach them what reactions they may undergo.

 

AR apps for pupils

Math alive

Developed by Alive Studio Math alive is designed for usage by PreK-3 students. By using AR features the application connects computer, camera and special printed cards in one complex system. Pupils under leading of a teacher place cards under camera and practise in basic numeracy and counting skills.

Animal Alphabet AR Flashcards

To engage children in learning letters the application uses AR capabilities to scan special cards and bring live animals on them. Application helps pupils to study letters and remember them, as well as sounds that animals make.

App on iOS.

ZooKazam

Mostly, children are easy engaged in studying animals. But often it stays difficult to explain them some of species without taking children to the zoo or sea park. This application helps support oral explanations with 3D models and infographic. The app has wide content that includes animals, insects, fishes, birds and reptiles (including dinosaurs).

The bigger printed mark is in real, the larger 3D model will be.

ZooKazam on Android and iOS.

Life of a Monarch Butterfly

The application imitates one of the famous education experiments known as “Butterfly Lab”. This all about learning the whole life cycle of Monarch Butterfly, except for death (because all of them are released in the end of the year).

AR app is developed for those who lacked such experience in past, or can’t make something like this in real by time or temperature reasons. Life cycle is explained by interaction with pop-up activities and printable triggers cards.

Butterfly AR on iOS.

Bugs 3D

The application is developed by Popar Toys specially to support children in learning insects. Wandering around in real environment to find AR bugs, kids receive not only text description of that, but also ability to interact, move and place it whatever they want.

Bugs 3D on Android and iOS.

Quiver (Colar)

This application supports visualization and interaction with many coloring pages by different subject area. So, as children have colored page by using this app it may come to life and 3D model receives colors that were used by a child.

In addition, pupils may create their own design of a flag and changing weather controlling wind to study weather. Also anyone may check the world map that shows day and night cycle.

Quiver on Android and iOS.

Chromville

Science-based AR app engaged pupils to study technologies and other multiple intelligences through fun and art. Chromville uses characters for storytelling. It also include classroom features that have special coloring pages. These pages explain plant parts or how human body works.

Chromville on Android and iOS.

Fetch Lunch Rush

Fun and easy app that helps kids to get engaged in math. By using printed triggers cards and AR pieces children help dog called Ruff feed sushi dishes to a movie crew while solving math tasks.

Fetch Lunch Rush on iOS.

Arloon Plants

When there are no options to grow plants in classroom for education purpose this application may help. Developed by Arloon, that AR app shows main basis of what pupils should know about plants and their parts, starting from seeds and growth.

Arloon Plants on Android and iOS.

Our Discovery Island: Phonic Tricksters

Fun and easy application developed by Pearson Education engages children to learn language sounds. By using mobile device’s camera and looking around for a “Phonic Tricksters” kids should solve easy quiz about things they have learned before. However, if children can not answer or answer wrong Trickster may escape.

Avaible on Android.

Pete the Cat: School Jam

It may be called as “pre-education” application for most little kids. The main story is about the cat that lost his loved guitar at his virtual school. So, by helping Pete find it children help themselves to get rid of their own fears what they may expect at school. Meantime when Pete’s guitar would be found kids may play on guitar along with the cat.

Finally, by pointing camera on books’ covers you may receive extra information about it.

 

AR learning and self-education apps

Google Translate

Studying foreign language from books is mostly impossible without dictionary or the same stuff. But, by using Google Translate AR mode to instantly check unknown words you save your time instead of looking for that word in other sources.

Moreover, students and tourists that decide to jump in foreign environment to study language from inside must have such an app. Hence, these tools provide easy navigation in an unknown city and help better understand any text around.

Google translate on Android and iOS.

Amazing Space Journey / SkyORB 3D / Star Walk

All this application is developed for one purpose – to help study the sky and all secrets that it contains. Each one of them includes a pack of unique features, but most of the content is the same, and serves the same purpose. So despite the app you choose you’ll get mostly the same content.

Entering AR mode users may see stars in the sky even in day-time. Meantime, all important objects such as constellars, planets of the Solar System and major stars.

Amazing Space Journey on Android and iOS.

SkyORB 3D on Android and iOS.

Star Walk on Android and iOS.

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Tools to create AR content for education

There is a category of AR apps that isn’t developed to serve education for itself but it may be used as a basic tool to create augmented reality for learning and studying various subjects.

Augment

Augment AR tools have few packs suitable for education purpose in schools and universities. It’s mainly focuses on providing users with the ability to visualize 3D models. But, application also supports users with all tools that anyone require to represent existing models or design different own one.

Augment on Android and iOS.

ZVR

Powerful tool by Zspace company is developed with a wide toolkit for creating education materials. Students, supported with special glasses and styles, may interact with AR objects to customize them, rotate, move etc.

Though it is developed mainly for education there is no doubt that others like engineers and designers adopt it for their own needs.

Daqri Sudio

The application developed by DARQI is a heavy creative tool in making own AR education projects. The best examples of these education apps for classroom are Anatomy 4D and Elements 4D.

Blippar

AR creation tool which has already been used in different education projects. It also have partnerships with different printed media and magazines. Blippar enables to review the main topic of those as 3D interactive model. Visualization and interaction works well in purpose for deeper and better understanding of the text.  

Aurasma and Layar

These are two most powerful and popular tools to create AR content. Both of them may be used for various things, not just for education. But to anyone who wants to try himself in creation AR content it is recommended to start with those two. Both of them have most user-friendly constructors, also supported with tons of guides and tutorials.

AR content may be designed only via web-based Layar Creator.

For example as image, video or an interactive pop-up to make a phone call. Moreover, app enable to send a message or email, etc.By scanning triggers users may explore AR content that includes YouTube videos, audio tracks, images, https links, 3D models etc.AR content created via Layar Creator may be marked as public one. Then anyone who scans trigger image may experience it.

 Aurasma icon  Layar icon
AR content available via: Free application available on Android and iOS. Free application available on Android and iOS.
User Access No account needed to review AR content by scanning triggers and create auras.

But account needs to create AR content in online Aurasma Studio.

Scan triggers to view AR content account-free.

Meanwhile, you need log-in to get access to Layar Creator web-tools to create new AR content.

Content creation possibilities AR content may be created as within mobile application as well as online using Aurasma Studio. Types of AR content Aurasma in the classroom may be used in various forms.
Considerations Content created on a device isavailable only for this device.

Meantime, Auras created via Aurasma Studio and shared through channels may be viewed on other devices.

AR Experience Using aurasma in the classroom is easy. When the trigger is scanned, auras appear on the display When AR content appears it should be tapped to start playing; otherwise it does nothing.


Conclusion


Despite widespread use of AR in other spheres of life, usage augmented reality in education field is a bit new.  To sum up, augmented reality teaching options are truly amazing. They provide new ways for both teaching and learning.

Educators get in hand useful tool that may entrap attention of their students and give them motivation to study in the classroom as well as outside it.

In addition, students get tools to visualize abstract and complex concepts of different subjects and chances to receive practical skills by manipulating and interacting with AR content.

Parents also get chance to engage their children to study through the playing and learning method.

 

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